Dubrovnik is located on the Adriatic coast near the border to Montenegro. The city is the administrative center of the Croatian southernmost county Dubrovnik - Neretva County (In Croatian: Dubrovačko Neretvanska Županija). Dubrovnik is also the county's most important economic, tourist and cultural center. The city today has about 43,000 permanent residents.
Dubrovnik - history
Dubrovnik has a long and rich history dating back to the 6th century and at the beginning of its existence it was known as Ragusa in Latin.
After the Croats arrived and settled in the city and its surroundings, the name was changed to its current name after an oak forest that grew near the city.
Throughout its long history the city was ruled by a number of then powerful states. But it had for a long time been a city-state of its own, known in Croatian as ”Dubrovačka Republika” or in Latin ”Republica Ragusina”. In translation: ”The Republic of Dubrovnik”. The state of Dubrovnik was an aristocratic republic and the ruling power lay in the hands of the nobility, yet was quite liberal considering the age of its existence. Dubrovnik flags carried the inscription ”Libertas”, which means freedom. Already in 1418, slave trade was abolished in the state of Dubrovnik.
Dubrovačka Republika as an independent state that existed from 1358 until 1808. Its glory days were in the 1400s and 1500s and was never larger than 1375 square kilometres. Despite its size, Dubrovnik entered into agreements and arrangements with then mighty kingdoms and had a strong merchant navy in the Mediterranean.
After Napoleon's army in 1808 conquered Dubrovnik, the Republic was dissolved and became part of the newly formed Illyrian provinces. But it lasted no longer than 1815. Then Vienna Congress decided to annex Dubrovnik to Austria.
In 1918, when the Austria - Hungary monarchy was dissolved, the city became a part of the newly formed Croatian - Serbian - Slovenian Kingdom.
After World War II Dubrovnik became part of Croatia, which was a federal state in Yugoslavia until 1991 when Croatia declared independence. This led to a war that involved Croatia and two other Yugoslav republics and it was a fight for the country´s independence. Dubrovnik was hit hard during the war for independence but almost all the damage has been repaired since then.
The climate in Dubrovnik and its surroundings is Mediterranean, but there are humid subtropical elements. The summer months are hot and moderately dry with an average temperature of 28 degrees. The winter months are mild and humid, snow is unusual but can occur.
Most visited place in Dubrovnik
The Old Town is Dubrovnik's fortified city center with roots that date back to the 6th century. This is where the population grew and the city began to expand. The Old Town is on the UNESCO list as a World Heritage. There are several well-preserved buildings from the Middle Ages, Catholic churches and monasteries, but there is also a synagogue and a Serbian Orthodox church. Here in the old city center, there is the old rector's residence from which the rector governed Dubrovnik's republic called the Rector's Palace. The old town constantly attracts many visitors from all over the world. Stradun is the main street and the main pedestrian street through the old town. The smaller transverse alleys are lined with cafes, restaurants and small shops.
The ring wall from the 1100s is among the most visited tourist attractions. It goes around the entire core of Dubrovnik's old town. The wall is about two kilometres long, up to six meters thick and at most 25 meters high. There you will find several individual objects: The city gates Pile, the Bastion Book, the fortress Mičeta.
Srđ is the highest point in Dubrovnik's surroundings. At the top of the mountain is the fortress built by Frenchmen in the 19th century. The fortress played an important role in the city's defense during the Croatian independence war in the 1990s. Today there is also a museum from the days of the Independence War. From the Srđ peak you get an excellent panoramic view of the old town and the crystal clear waters of the
Adriatic SeaDubrovnik and Srđ are connected by cable car. Every summer in Dubrovnik an international cultural festival is held with theater performances and dance. Many foreign artists visit and perform at the festival. The festival runs from mid-July to the end of August.
Travel to Dubrovnik
The fastest way to get to Dubrovnik is by air, and there is international airport close to the city with good national and international connections. Air traffic between Dubrovnik and other airports in Croatia and Europe is more intense during the summer months, and during the winter air traffic decreases in size.
Travel to Dubrovnik by car or bus
You get to Dubrovnik by car from the north by following the Croatian modern highway A1.